The history of cannabis in brief.
The history of cannabis in a nutshell.
Hemp is one of the oldest and most valuable crops and plays an important role in our country. But from the beginning of the 20th century, it was ousted from the market and finally gained notoriety as a supplier of pharmaceutical raw materials in the 1930s.
- Ancient harvest.
- Driving out of the market.
- Hemp as a healthy rediscovered plant.
An ancient harvest.
From the very beginning, hemp has played a decisive role as a raw material in the advanced crops of this land. Hemp was cultivated as a grain in Persia and China 12,000 years ago.
Hemp seeds were eaten, and clothes were made from the fibers. The Chinese made paper from hemp. In the Roman Empire, wars were fought over hemp.
From the first millennium BC to the second half of the 19th century, hemp was the most grown crop in the world. In the 13th century, hemp finally made its way to Europe.
Hemp has been particularly popular for its healing powers. The wounds of the warriors were covered with hemp leaves, and hemp was used against gout and absent-mindedness.
In 1455 Gutenberg printed his first Hemp Bible. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, the canvas and all the ropes on the ships were made of hemp. Columbus brought hemp to America.
The first drafts of the US Constitution and Declaration of Independence, signed in 1776, were written on hemp paper. Bavarian Levi Strauss, who emigrated to America, finally produced the first jeans in 1870, and they were also made from hemp.
Driving out of the market.
The decline in hemp use began with industrialization. At that time, machines could not collect and grind hemp. The processing of hemp was manual and therefore time consuming, laborious and expensive. Raw materials were found that could be bought cheaply and processed more efficiently.
At the beginning of the 18th century, the cotton machine (“Cotton Gin”) was invented, which processed cotton on an industrial scale. Such cheap cotton has revolutionized the textile market.
In addition, jute fiber produced in India to pay for the hungry was imported to Europe. In addition to the textile industry, the paper industry also found a new cheaper raw material: solid wood, which was then available free of charge, from dense, wide forests.
When the first fully automatic hemp peeling machine was finally introduced to the United States in 1938, leading US industrialists, including the cotton and pharmaceutical industries, imposed a tax on hemp and finally banned the cultivation of hemp in the United States and thus closed markets for hemp.
With the development of the pharmaceutical industry in the production of synthetic products, cannabis simultaneously lost its leading position as a medicine.
However, when commodity markets were threatened during World War II, the hemp ban was lifted everywhere and armies were armed with wear-resistant hemp clothing. In the United States, hemp cultivation was promoted by the film “Hemp for Victory”, which was shown to farmers.
In the German Empire, hemp cultivation was also used for military purposes. The “fun hemp primer” was launched to popularize the cultivation of hemp. But after World War II, the beneficial plant of hemp was finally abandoned.
Hemp as a healthy rediscovered plant.
When discussing cannabis and cannabis in public, it is necessary to distinguish between low and high THC hemp. THC, short for Tetra-hydro-cannabinol, is the psychoactive substance in the cannabis plant, the basis for hallucinogenic drugs such as hashish or marijuana.
On the other hand, no intoxicants can be obtained from THC-free hemp, also called fiber hemp or industrial hemp.
Insulating and insulating materials can be obtained from the raw material of hemp fibers, hemp is the basis of many textiles and paper products. Cosmetics as well as food can be obtained from hemp seeds rich in protein.
Hemp fiber is unusually resilient, tearing and durable. For example, a number of car companies use hemp fibers to make car interior panels.
Unlike wood-based paper, hemp paper has a significantly higher value and durability: it hardly turns yellow.